Microplastic concentrations in urban coastal waters are regarded as critical in terms of particle toxicity. A plastic material can retain hydrophobic additives and concentrate persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in marine environments. The paper highlights literature that shows microplastics increase indirect exposure to endocrine disrupting additives to humans through fragmentation of plastics, their ingestion by marine organisms, their leaching into digestive fluids, and their subsequent bioaccumulation and transfer to humans. Humans’ endocrine and immune systems can be disrupted by the additives. As a precautionary measure, we should reduce the use and consumption of plastics in our society. A reduction in plastic consumption is also recommended from the viewpoint of reducing global warming impacts, maximizing resource efficiency, and practicing sound waste management.
Guidelines on Extended Producer Responsibility for Plastic Packaging. These guidelines provides framework for implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility. The Guidelines provide the roles and responsibilities of Producers, Importers, Brand Owners, Central Pollution Control Board, State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committees, recyclers and waste processors for effective implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility. Please note[…]
The Policy Brief gives an overview of the current waste management related policy ecosystem and provides preliminary recommendations based on desk research, specifically on marine litter in India.
The Government of India announced the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021, which will prohibit the manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of single use plastics (including polystyrene and expanded polystyrene) by 2022. To stop litering and promote reuse, the thickness of plastic carry bags have been increased. Please note that “English text follows[…]
Environment ministers around the globe agreed to create an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to create an international agreement to end plastic pollution at the fifth United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA), held in Nairobi, Kenya, between February 28 and March 2, 2022.
Developing country facilities, financial and human resources prevent complete application of sampling, analysis, and observation protocols used in developed countries neccitating adaptations. Researchers in Vietnam developed and standardized a methodology for microplastic monitoring in sediments and surface waters of 21 environments (rivers, lakes, bays, beaches) of eight cities or provinces. The concentrations of microplastics in[…]