Synthetic Plastics and the Environment: Can Agro-waste Be Used as a Viable Packaging Material?

In this paper, global plastic usage and its impact on human health and the environment are highlighted. Plastic entering the oceans is estimated at 12.7 million tonnes, with roughly 40% of it ending up in the waste stream. It is estimated that over 5.25 trillion bits of plastic garbage are found on land, in water, in oceans, and the air as a result of the rise in single-use consumer plastics. The effects of petroleum-based polymers on human health and the environment and the impossibilities of managing and controlling plastic trash are also studied in this paper. The study highlights that producing single-use bioplastics from agro-waste substrates is the only practical answer for reducing plastic production and use while improving waste management to prevent this material from entering the environment at the source. Further, it was emphasised that advocacy should be backed up by cutting-edge technology. It is important to minimise overreliance on petroleum-based polymers to prevent harmful substances from entering the environment. The knowledge gained from this study can serve as a solid foundation for policymakers to defend the global population’s health and the environment.

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